(d) meet any other requirements set out in the regulations.
5 (1) On an application pursuant to Section 3, the court may make a testing order if the court is satisfied that
(a) the applicant has come into contact with a bodily substance of the source individual in one of the circumstances described in clause 3(1)(a);
(b) there are reasonable grounds to believe that the applicant might have become infected with a microorganism or pathogen that causes a prescribed communicable disease as a result of the contact;
(c) having regard to the incubation periods for the prescribed communicable disease and the methods available for ascertaining the presence of the microorganisms or pathogens in the human body, an analysis of the applicant's bodily substances would not accurately determine in a timely manner whether, as a result of the contact, the applicant has become infected with a microorganism or pathogen that causes a prescribed communicable disease;
(d) taking a sample of a bodily substance from the source individual would not endanger the source individual's life or health;
(e) the information to be obtained by the proposed testing cannot reasonably be obtained in any other manner; and
(f) having regard to the physician report submitted by the applicant, the testing order is necessary to decrease or eliminate the risk to the health of the applicant resulting from the contact.
(2) A testing order must require the source individual
(a) within the time specified in the order, to allow a qualified health professional to take from the source individual a sample of any bodily substance specified in the order for the purpose of determining whether the source individual is infected with a microorganism or pathogen that causes a prescribed communicable disease; and
(b) for the purpose of fulfilling the requirement described in clause (a), to comply with any directions of a medical officer pursuant to subclause 6(1)(d)(ii).
(3) Where the source individual named in a testing order is a minor, the testing order must require a parent or guardian of the source individual to take all reasonable steps to ensure that the source individual complies with the testing order.
(4) A testing order may contain any additional directions that the court considers necessary.
(5) Where the court makes a testing order, the local registrar shall immediately forward a copy of the order and all documents relating to the application to
(a) the medical officer of the health region in which the source individual resides; or
(b) where the place of residence of the source individual is not known, the Chief Medical Officer.
6 (1) On receiving a testing order pursuant to clause 5(5)(a), a medical officer shall
(a) designate a qualified health professional to take from the source individual a sample of any bodily substance specified in the testing order;
(b) designate one or more qualified analysts to conduct tests on the sample obtained from the source individual and specify the tests to be conducted;
(c) provide directions to the persons designated pursuant to clauses (a) and (b); and
(d) subject to subsection (2), serve the source individual with a copy of the testing order and a notice that
(i) sets out the name and address of the qualified health professional designated by the medical officer, and
(ii) gives directions to the source individual respecting the manner in which the source individual must comply with the testing order.
(2) Where a source individual is a minor, a medical officer shall serve a parent or guardian of the source individual with a copy of the testing order and the notice described in clause (1)(d).
7 (1) On receiving a testing order pursuant to clause 5(5)(b), the Chief Medical Officer may require any medical officer to carry out the responsibilities of a medical officer pursuant to Section 6 with respect to that order.
(2) Where a medical officer who receives a testing order pursuant to clause 5(5)(a) is unable to serve the source individual in accordance with clause 6(1)(d) or the parent or guardian of a source individual who is a minor in accordance with subsection 6(2),
(a) the medical officer shall advise the Chief Medical Officer of that fact; and
(b) the Chief Medical Officer may require any other medical officer to carry out the responsibilities of a medical officer pursuant to Section 6 with respect to that order.
(3) A medical officer acting pursuant to subsection (1) or (2) may exercise the powers of a medical officer anywhere in the Province.
8 (1) A qualified health professional designated by a medical officer pursuant to clause 6(1)(a) shall
(a) take from the source individual a sample of any bodily substance specified in the testing order and deal with the sample in the manner directed by the medical officer; and
(b) deliver the sample to a qualified analyst designated by the medical officer for the purpose of having the sample analysed.
(2) A qualified health professional who takes a sample of a bodily substance from any individual pursuant to a testing order shall not use the sample in any manner other than the manner specified in the order or for any purpose other than the purposes of the order.
9 (1) A qualified analyst designated by a medical officer pursuant to clause 6(1)(b) shall
(a) in accordance with any directions of the medical officer, conduct an analysis of the sample delivered by a qualified health professional pursuant to clause 8(1)(b); and
(b) promptly provide a written record of the results of the analysis to the medical officer.
(2) A qualified analyst who receives a sample pursuant to clause 8(1)(b) shall
(a) ensure that the sample is not used for any purpose other than the analysis required by the testing order;
(b) not release the sample to any person unless
(i) the sample is released to a person who is acting on behalf of the analyst for the purposes of
(A) carrying out the analysis required by the testing order, or
(B) retention of the sample, and
(ii) the qualified analyst ensures that no other person has access to the sample while it is in the custody of that person; and
(c) not disclose the results of the analysis except in accordance with this Act.
10 (1) As soon as possible after receiving the results of an analysis, a medical officer shall make reasonable efforts to furnish a copy of the results to
(a) the applicant;
(b) the applicant's physician; and
(c) at the request of the source individual,
(i) the source individual or, in the case of a source individual who is a minor, a parent or guardian of the source individual, and
(ii) the source individual's physician.
(2) The results of an analysis are not admissible in evidence in any criminal or civil proceeding other than in accordance with this Act.
11 (1) In carrying out the medical officer's responsibilities pursuant to this Act, a medical officer may
(a) require the assistance of any public health inspector or public health nurse appointed for the jurisdictional area of the medical officer; and
(b) where acting pursuant to Section 7, require the assistance of any public health inspector or public health nurse.
(2) A public health inspector or public health nurse who is providing assistance for the purpose of this Act may exercise any of the powers of a public health inspector or public health nurse, as the case may be
(a) in the jurisdictional area of the medical officer who requested the assistance of the public health inspector or public health nurse, as the case may be; or
(b) where acting pursuant to clause (1)(b), anywhere in the Province.
12 (1) A medical officer, a public health inspector or a public health nurse may call for the assistance of a peace officer in carrying out any of the officer's, inspector's or nurse's responsibilities pursuant to this Act.
(2) A peace officer who is called on pursuant to subsection (1) may render the assistance requested.
13 The costs of any medical reports necessary to obtain a testing order, the costs of taking and analyzing a sample as required by a testing order and any costs incurred by a medical officer in serving or attempting to serve any documents as required by this Act shall be borne by the Department.
14 (1) An appeal lies to the Nova Scotia Court of Appeal on a question of law from a decision of the court respecting an application for a testing order.
(2) Where a testing order was granted pursuant to the application that is the subject of an appeal, the appellant shall serve a copy of the notice of appeal on the medical officer who performed the activities described in Section 6 in relation to the testing order.
15 (1) An appellant pursuant to Section 14 may apply to a judge of the Nova Scotia Court of Appeal for an order staying a testing order until the appeal is determined.
(2) The appellant shall serve the medical officer who performed the activities described in Section 6 in relation to the testing order with a copy of the notice of application.
16 (1) Any document that is required to be served pursuant to this Act or the regulations must be served on the person to whom it is directed.
(2) A document may be served personally or mailed by registered mail to the last known address of the person being served.
(3) A document served by registered mail is deemed to have been received on the seventh day following the day of its mailing unless the person to whom it was mailed establishes that, through no fault of that person, the person did not receive the document or received it at a later date.
17 (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), no person shall disclose any information concerning an applicant or a source individual that comes to the person's knowledge in the course of carrying out responsibilities pursuant to this Act or the regulations or as a result of obtaining a testing order.
(2) A person may disclose information described in subsection (1) if the disclosure
(a) is required to administer this Act or the regulations;
(b) is required to carry out a responsibility imposed or to exercise a power conferred by this Act or the regulations;
(c) is required by law;
(d) is requested or approved by the individual who is the subject of the information;
(e) is ordered by the Minister for the purpose of protecting the public health; or
(f) is made
(i) to a member of a health profession who holds a valid licence to practise that profession in the Province in the course of a professional consultation,
(ii) between solicitor and client,
(iii) in the case of information pertaining to a minor, to a parent or guardian of the individual, or
(iv) in prescribed circumstances.
(3) An applicant may disclose the information obtained pursuant to a testing order to the applicant's physician and other health care providers as and when necessary to obtain appropriate medical advice and treatment.
18 (1) No person who is subpoenaed or otherwise compelled to give evidence in a legal proceeding is required or allowed to answer any question or to produce any document that reveals information that is made confidential by this Act unless the judge or other person presiding over the proceeding first examines the information, with the public excluded, to determine whether the information should be disclosed.
(2) In making a ruling pursuant to subsection (1), the judge or other person presiding over the proceeding shall consider the relevance to the proceeding and the probative value of the information to be disclosed and the invasion of privacy of the person who is the subject of the information.
19 (1) No action or proceeding lies or shall be commenced against the Crown, the Minister, the Department, an officer, employee or agent of the Department, a district health authority, an officer, employee or agent of a district health authority or a peace officer for anything in good faith done, caused, permitted or authorized to be done, attempted to be done or omitted to be done by that person or by any of those persons pursuant to or in the exercise or supposed exercise of any power conferred by this Act or the regulations or in the carrying out or supposed carrying out of any order or direction made pursuant to this Act or any duty imposed by this Act or the regulations.
(2) No action or proceeding lies or shall be commenced against
(a) a physician who in good faith makes a physician report;
(b) a qualified health professional who in good faith takes a sample of a bodily substance from an individual pursuant to this Act; or
(c) a qualified analyst who in good faith performs an analysis of a sample of a bodily substance delivered by a qualified health professional pursuant to this Act.
20 (1) Any person who contravenes this Act is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to the penalties set out in the Summary Proceedings Act.
(2) Every day on which an offence continues is a separate offence.
21 No prosecution for an alleged contravention of this Act or the regulations shall be commenced more than two years after the date of commission of the alleged contravention.
22 (1) Where there is a conflict between this Act and any other Act, this Act prevails.
(2) Subsection (1) applies notwithstanding any provision in another Act that states that the provision is to apply notwithstanding any other Act.
23 (1) The Governor in Council may make regulations
(a) prescribing diseases as communicable diseases for the purpose of this Act;
(b) for the purpose of clause 2(o), prescribing the qualifications for conducting types of analysis;
(c) for the purpose of clause 2(p), prescribing the health professions whose members are eligible to be qualified health professionals;
(d) for the purpose of subclause 3(1)(a)(iv), prescribing functions that, if performed in relation to an individual, give rise to grounds for an application for a testing order if the individual performing the function comes into contact with a bodily substance of the individual in relation to whom the function is performed;
(e) governing applications for testing orders;
(f) prescribing the qualifications of physicians who may make a physician report;
(g) for the purpose of clause 4(d)
(i) governing the information to be furnished in a physician report, and
(ii) prescribing a form for a physician report and requiring that a physician report be made in the prescribed form;
(h) for the purpose of subclause 17(2)(f)(iv), prescribing circumstances in which confidential information may be disclosed;
(i) defining any word or expression used but not defined in this Act;
(j) further defining any word or expression defined in this Act;
(k) deemed necessary or advisable by the Governor in Council to carry out effectively the intent and purpose of this Act.
(2) The exercise by the Governor in Council of the authority contained in subsection (1) is regulations within the meaning of the Regulations Act.
24 This Act comes into force on such day as the Governor in Council orders and declares by proclamation.
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